2023 EV battery market growth exceeds that of EVs, Chinese dominance continues

Average battery capacity continues to be an important metric, and expanding range, especially for mid-to-high EVs, is a priority for OEMs.

By  Storyboard18Apr 12, 2024 11:49 AM
2023 EV battery market growth exceeds that of EVs, Chinese dominance continues
In the short-term, OEMs are likely to continue the shift from performance-centered to price-centered EVs as the market slows, leveraging strategies to expand sales of cost-effective EVs with Chinese LFP batteries.

Global battery installed capacity for passenger EVs grew by 44 percent YoY in 2023, according to Counterpoint’s latest Global EV Battery Tracker.  A key driver was increased average battery capacity per vehicle coupled with continued growth of EV sales at 38 percent YoY in 2023.

Average battery capacity continues to be an important metric, and expanding range, especially for mid-to-high EVs, is a priority for OEMs. “Across the US and Europe, long-range EVs are booming and this is what’s going to drive sales through the long term,” says Liz Lee, Associate Director. “We could have seen average capacities go even higher if not for the big expansion of entry-level EVs in China.”

Domestic battery suppliers are enjoying home field advantage and continued demand overseas to grab further market share.  Chinese battery makers grew faster than most others to account for more than two-thirds of the world’s EV battery capacity last year, with CATL and BYD the main beneficiaries of market share gains.

In the short-term, OEMs are likely to continue the shift from performance-centered to price-centered EVs as the market slows, leveraging strategies to expand sales of cost-effective EVs with Chinese LFP batteries.

“This year we’re still forecasting double-digit EV growth across all regions which will help keep overall battery capacity buoyant,” says Lee.

For players like CATL, scale is a big competitive advantage but it also leaves the supplier more exposed to any slowdown in EV demand as well as potential efforts to limit growth in Europe and the US. “Long term we need to also consider further battery cost reductions on tech breakthroughs which, coupled with geo-political factors, could see more promising growth avenues emerge for non-Chinese suppliers,” states Neil Shah, VP of Research.

First Published on Apr 12, 2024 11:49 AM

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